The city is still in process of developing a formula of managing wastes and controlling illegal dumping sites which is common in main roads and streets and improper use of drainage systems.
Statistics shows that, huge production of wastes is generated by increase in population in the city due to human activities hence generating a lot of agricultural and industrial wastes. another factor is improper planning of infrastructure which has lead to poor dumping of waste products.
Today anyone working or visiting Nairobi can be able to find solid wastes thrown along the roads, poor drainage system spilling dirty water across the road or to Nairobi river, improper disposal of wastes in dumping sites and incorrect use of dustbins which now have made condition to escalated to adjacent estates hence making Nairobi to look dirty and smelly.
Population increase has negatively contributed to poor management of wastes because, rampant industrial activities have overpowered management of County government who largely depend on finance and manpower to control increasing number of illegal dumplings.
The recent rainy season of April-May 2018 came with evokes and offered us great lessons to learn and manage our city in future, it caught county government unaware in controlling and coordinating internal activities because it happened spontaneously making county government to go to the drawing board.
As well as we have mandate to protect our own city, we have existing problem of laxity in coordination of activities between Nairobi County government and Environment and Natural Resources ministry through enforcement Agency the National Enviromental Management Authority (NEMA) in this resolving this matter.
Measures and Remedies
Nairobi is growing at higher rate and for the wastes to be controlled; it is high time to involve and develop a framework by reviewing waste Management formula in which adequate facilities are provided, tightening up enforced laws which safeguards environment and managing wastes therefore penalizing offenders, utilization of collected taxes collected by the county officers, encouraging experts to carry out research and give solutions.
Additional initiating campaign to stop families ,business and manufacturing firms from releasing harmful or hazardous chemicals to the rivers or soil, repairing of drainage and treatments of sewage, establishing new standards in which products and goods are done in organizations and companies in a stipulated procedures also, collection of plastics and papers and recycling them and exploring alternative ways like establishing recycling industry close to the city for easier access and minimizing production of these wastes.
It is said “cleanliness is next to holiness and holiness is next to God” whatever good we do or expect from a place or environment starts from us, we can borrow from Kenya’s successful environmentalist Nobel winner the Late Professor Wangari Muta Maathai who, revolutionized The Green Belt Movement.
She championed environment change by increasing forestry and establishment of clean environment which can sustain human and animal habitats. She used to say that, environment need Self-discipline person who can do right thing at right time, I confidently say that, what failed Nairobi is not the county government or implementation but people who ignored their responsibilities and chose to destroy their environment.
Rwanda tried to introduce compulsory cleaning days per week and succeeded in managing its wastes Kenya too can emulate, government has tried to use National Youth Service to open and clean drainage systems while on nation building initiative unluckily they didn’t get support from other players.
In places like Mathare and Kibera slums people are living in miserable conditions where you will find huge wastes material floating or moving in water, the problem can be broken drainage systems and substandard houses with no hygiene.
The best move is to initiate projects and involve stakeholders together with Nairobi county Government to recruit and train youths to run these noble activities because, they have networks and energies in managing and supervising these projects at Grassroots level.
In additional, county government can offer free trainings to groups who are willing to champing environment change because through this project it will increase partnership with other agencies hence making county to benefit from them in managing and offering good facilities to Nairobians, prioritize corporate activities such as community social responsibility CSR where community get involved cleaning drainage and disinfecting sewage.
In other countries like USA they train and employ experts who can write proposals & plan strategies, advise government on measures of overcoming the challenges such as involving in planting trees, grasses and securing water drainage, attending and reporting any incidence to authorities. Nairobi county can do the same and every other county can emulate.
Therefore, the best way to cut or reduce wastes production is first managing production process, consumption and disposal activities through strict rules and procedures, improving industrial production and introduction of collective involvement in inspection of drainage systems and imposing penalty to offenders.